The researchers wrote that their study shows ” the risks associated with physical punishment is robust.”
The analysis was conducted by Dr. Joan Durrant of the family medicine and social sciences department at the University of Manitoba and Ron Ensom, of the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario.
The authors of the study included the banning of physical punishment by 11 countries, following the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by the United Nations in the 1990s. Those countries were among the 191 of the world’s 196 countries who ratified the convention.
“Three forces — research, the convention and law reform — have altered the landscape of physical punishment,” the researchers said.
The UN’s Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) “legally binding international instrument” adopted in 1989 is a “special convention” of international leaders that outlines special needs of “people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not.”
The UNCRC admonishes governments and policymakers to “[commit] themselves to protecting and ensuring children’s rights and they have agreed to hold themselves accountable for this commitment before the international community.”